Austin History Department Office
History of Austin, TX
Austin is the capital city of the state of Texas and one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the United States. The city's rich and varied history has shaped and influenced the development of the city. Originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, Austin was later settled by European explorers and eventually became a key center of commerce, culture, and innovation in the American South.
Austin is the capital city of the U.S. state of Texas, as well as the seat and largest city of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. Incorporated on December 27, 1839, it is the 11th-most-populous city in the United States, the fourth-most-populous city in Texas, and the second-most-populous state capital city. It has been one of the fastest growing large cities in the United States since 2010. Downtown Austin and Downtown San Antonio are approximately 80 miles (129 km) apart, and both fall along the Interstate 35 corridor. Some observers believe that the two regions may some day form a new "metroplex" similar to Dallas and Fort Worth.